Torrox is a township located in the Axarquía about 45 kilometres outside of Málaga city. The township consists of Torrox Pueblo and Torrox Costa. El Morche, Peñoncillo, Torrox Park, Laguna Beach and Conejito (El Faro) are districts of the township Torrox. It is assumed that the name Torrox is mixture of the Arabic word Turrush and the Romanic word Tower. The words mean tower. (Editor/Photos/Video: Michael Trampert – Source: Wikipedia.es, Provincial Administration of Málaga, Info-tables on the places)
It is assumed that the Phoenicians inhabited Torrox several hundred years before Christ for trading. However, the Romans left the first traces. From the 1st to the 4th century AD, they inhabited the settlement Caviclum along the river Torrox. This is proven from the excavations and relicts archeologists found there. Because of the excavations it is also clear that the Romans who lived in Caviclum were specialised in producing fish products. A fish factory was used to prepare fishes and the famous sauce Garum between the 1st and 3rd centuries AD. Then they used the same place as a cementery.
From the 4th to the 8th century Torrox was occupied by the Visigoths. They renamed Torrox to Ciudad de Arcos before the Moriscos conquered this little colony under Prince Abd-el-Rahamn Ben Muawiya who was crowned as Emir just one year later. His dynasty improved the trade, the culture and the agriculter within the next three centuries.
In the 9th century the growing dissatisfaction of the inhabitants of Torrox led to an insurrection against the caliphate of Córdoba. However, this rebellion was brutally crushed by caliph Abd-el-Rahman.
In 1487, Torrox was conquered by catholic kings. They gave the township Torrox the title Muy Noble and Muy Leal Villa de Torróx. This title you can still find within the coat of arms of Torrox.
In 1884 and 1885 a strong earthquake destroyed big parts of the community.
Torrox mainly lives from agriculture, tourism and the construction of buildings. Especially the cultivation of almonds, olives and wines as well as avocados, chirimoyas, mangos and Nísperos is an extremely lucrative business. They cultivate herbs on 325 hectares, fruits on 491 hectares, olives on 692 hectares and grapes on 160 hectares.
The climate in Torrox is mild and constant. Within the summer, from May to October, the temperatures rise up to 30 degrees and more by day while they never drop below 20 degrees at night. During the winter from October to May, the temperatures reach a daily value of about 18 to 22 degrees, while at night it could be cold by only ten degrees. All the year you do have a constant humidity. The water temperature rises from 23 to 26 degrees in the summer. In winter it hardly drops below 16 degrees. On average, there are 3.000 hours of sunshine per year.